Socialism, Parasitism, Psychosis

Published by the American Psychiatric Associat...

The hands of time do not allow us the luxury of hindsight, else we would see our truths become realizations and our misgivings left by the wayside. There are far brighter minds than my own who predicted the future but never lived to revel in such glory. These men were thinkers of their time, some of them actors as well. They understood the world and it systems, and left us with the half-assembled pieces of the puzzle. New developments shed new light on their theories, and I wish to reaffirm here their verified correctness. The development of capitalism has proceeded along a certain path, and the purpose here is to highlight three stages: socialism, parasitism and psychosis.

Many men pick apart the ideas of Marxism, though the detractors tend to be largely unread. The ideas were the purveyors of future men of action, though this first elaboration came not from man but from Rosa Luxemburg. The idea to highlight from “Reform or Revolution” is the first stage discussed here, that of revolutionary socialism:

In the manner of revisionism…the labour movement finds itself reduced to a simple co-operative and reformist movement. We move here in a straight line toward the total abandonment of the class viewpoint.

With this she emphasizes the futility of reform in achieving the victory of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie. We can see the flaws of ignoring Luxemburg’s militancy today. In Panama, “I don’t like communism” Torrijistas from the Partido Revolucionario Democratico continue to be pushed out of power yet are studious enough to note the declining economic and social conditions in the country. Panama has a service-based economy, and has grown more bourgeois than PRD politicians would like to admit. The same trouble from reform has been seen in Libya, where privatization of the economy laid the groundwork for foreign agents to incite a movement and an unfortunate revolution against a well-intentioned man. The utter disrespect shown to such a brother made me sick to my stomach, and serves as a bitter lesson learned in the case against reform. And there are more. Salvador Allende‘s attempts to reconcile with Chilean Parliament led to Allende’s death during a military coup d’etat. West Germany’s pollution of the Eastern Front preceding the end of the Cold War is why the majority of Eastern Germans feel life [was] better under communism. Finally, right in America’s back yard, the bourgeois Mexican government has been catering to the United States as their PRD shrinks into a minority coalition.

The second development of capitalism was seen by none other than one of our few successful revolutionaries, Vladimir Lenin. His ideas of imperialism being the next significant stage of capitalism were put forth early, and had he been later in the historical timeline he might have instead further developed his premonition of parasitism as the actual identifying feature of the stage he called imperialism. Parasitism is quite a simple concept for those comfortable with analogies:

the gigantic peril of a Western parasitism, a group of advanced industrial nations, whose upper classes drew vast tribute from Asia and Africa, with which they supported great tame masses of retainers, no longer engaged in the staple industries of agriculture and manufacture, but kept in the performance of personal or minor industrial services under the control of a new financial aristocracy.

Even the youngest student of economics can see parallels today, drawing to mind almost immediately the current situations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Iraq was the cradle of civilization thousands of years before Christianity, home to the world’s oldest writing system, the first and subsequent law codes, and the initial appearance of wheeled vehicles. Baghdad was once the largest city in the world, thriving and prosperous for hundreds of years before the British parasites latched on and divided the country for exploitation using their methods taken from the African continent. Afghanistan was different, the ‘Graveyard of Empires’, full of hardy people who have largely resisted parasitic exploitation throughout their history, apparently wanting nothing more than just to be left alone. We shall see what comes following the U.S. troop withdrawal that will hopefully show again a history of not succumbing to parasites. Haitians have not been so lucky, living next door to the giant parasite that is the United States. As interfering neighbors, the United States has not once, twice, but thrice returned the corrupt Jean-Bertrand Aristide to impoverished Haiti as a puppet president and agent of exploitation, only to be overthrown and exiled back to the U.S. each time. Finally, parasitism is also prevalent in the Philippines, where the United States intervened on account of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos, and of course the latter’s 2,700 pairs of shoes, only to see the couple overthrown by a successful populist movement. The Philippines of today is rife with exploitation, leading its southeast Asian peninsula in sexual exploitation and abuse, vying closely with Thailand.

Now we see a new development in capitalism rising steadily, that of psychosis. The term is used for its minutiae of definitions, most notably the “loss of contact with reality,” characterizing the cultural hegemony of the bourgeoisie and their resulting misrepresentations of reality. Allowing that social disorders are inherently developed through abnormal social relations in a capitalist culture, the numbers do not lie:

Mental disorders are common in the United States and internationally. An estimated 26.2 percent of Americans ages 18 and older — about one in four adults — suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder. When applied to the 2004 U.S. Census residential population estimate for ages 18 and older, this figure translates to 57.7 million people.In addition, mental disorders are the leading cause of disability in the U.S. and Canada. Many people suffer from more than one mental disorder at a given time. Nearly half (45 percent) of those with any mental disorder meet criteria for 2 or more disorders, with severity strongly related to comorbidity.

Allow there to be an assumption made here that the reader having internet access indicates bourgeois presence. Have you interacted with at least four people today? Well, according to the statistics, one of them has a mental disorder. This is a grave matter, and it is why psychosis seems likely to be the next stage in capitalist development. Only history will absolve me if this is indeed the case. Please forgive my lack of zeal. I have identified a problem, but cannot seem to puzzle out my place in its solution. Feel free to comment below with any proposals. Perhaps the kind reader will instead find themselves in the right time and the right place to implement change.

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Bones

Human remains in St Eusebius' Church, Arnhem

Their bones break under the weight of burden.

They lie still amid the rubble and ash.

Hundreds of years, waiting for the impact.

An end to distress, cheery destruction.

So weak for so long, and finally snapped.

They used to stand up, riot and revolt.

Until heavy hearts crumpled their spirits.

Supposedly protective, what a lie.

My heart beats fast and my stomach is sick.

They drink too much and their sorrows are real.

The early warning signs, symptoms of loss.

Connected in a circle, holding hands.

Asking kumbaya, but never around.

The hunger threatens, and they remain strong.

Doing what they can is how they survive.

Pretty flowers, the pearls of the ocean.

Hidden deep inside to protect their growth.

Thousands of years they walked, hunting pale fish.

Evolutionary advantages.

They didn’t see the beady eyes’ envy.

Festering in hatred that would soon come.

Puckered lips, wanting to kiss, all for coin.

Chains and shackles placed, revoking freedom.

Sold to their former brothers, exploited.

Abuses allowed, the sanctions of death.

The State and Revolution

The State and Revolution

 

 


 

The Economic Basis of the Withering Away of the State

 

 

 


3. The First Phase of Communist Society

In the Critique of the Gotha Programme, Marx goes into detail to disprove Lassalle’s idea that under socialism the worker will receive the “undiminished” or “full product of his labor”. Marx shows that from the whole of the social labor of society there must be deducted a reserve fund, a fund for the expansion of production, a fund for the replacement of the “wear and tear” of machinery, and so on. Then, from the means of consumption must be deducted a fund for administrative expenses, for schools, hospitals, old people’s homes, and so on.

Instead of Lassalle’s hazy, obscure, general phrase (“the full product of his labor to the worker”), Marx makes a sober estimate of exactly how socialist society will have to manage its affairs. Marx proceeds to make a concrete analysis of the conditions of life of a society in which there will be no capitalism, and says:

“What we have to deal with here [in analyzing the programme of the workers’ party] is a communist society, not as it has developed on its own foundations, but, on the contrary, just as it emerges from capitalist society; which is thus in every respect, economically, morally, and intellectually, still stamped with the birthmarks of the old society from whose womb it comes.”

It is this communist society, which has just emerged into the light of day out of the womb of capitalism and which is in every respect stamped with the birthmarks of the old society, that Marx terms the “first”, or lower, phase of communist society.

The means of production are no longer the private property of individuals. The means of production belong to the whole of society. Every member of society, performing a certain part of the socially-necessary work, receives a certificate from society to the effect that he has done a certain amount of work. And with this certificate he receives from the public store of consumer goods a corresponding quantity of products. After a deduction is made of the amount of labor which goes to the public fund, every worker, therefore, receives from society as much as he has given to it.

“Equality” apparently reigns supreme.

But when Lassalle, having in view such a social order (usually called socialism, but termed by Marx the first phase of communism), says that this is “equitable distribution”, that this is “the equal right of all to an equal product of labor”, Lassalle is mistaken and Marx exposes the mistake.

“Hence, the equal right,” says Marx, in this case still certainly conforms to “bourgeois law”, which,like all law, implies inequality. All law is an application of an equal measure to different people who in fact are not alike, are not equal to one another. That is why the “equal right” is violation of equality and an injustice. In fact, everyone, having performed as much social labor as another, receives an equal share of the social product (after the above-mentioned deductions).

But people are not alike: one is strong, another is weak; one is married, another is not; one has more children, another has less, and so on. And the conclusion Marx draws is:”… With an equal performance of labor, and hence an equal share in the social consumption fund, one will in fact receive more than another, one will be richer than another, and so on. To avoid all these defects, the right instead of being equal would have to be unequal.”

The first phase of communism, therefore, cannot yet provide justice and equality; differences, and unjust differences, in wealth will still persist, but the exploitation of man by man will have become impossible because it will be impossible to seize the means of production–the factories, machines, land, etc.–and make them private property. In smashing Lassalle’s petty-bourgeois, vague phrases about “equality” and “justice” in general, Marx shows the course of development of communist society, which is compelled to abolish at first only the “injustice” of the means of production seized by individuals, and which is unable at once to eliminate the other injustice, which consists in the distribution of consumer goods “according to the amount of labor performed” (and not according to needs).

The vulgar economists, including the bourgeois professors and “our” Tugan, constantly reproach the socialists with forgetting the inequality of people and with “dreaming” of eliminating this inequality. Such a reproach, as we see, only proves the extreme ignorance of the bourgeois ideologists.

Marx not only most scrupulously takes account of the inevitable inequality of men, but he also takes into account the fact that the mere conversion of the means of production into the common property of the whole society (commonly called “socialism”) does not remove the defects of distribution and the inequality of “bourgeois laws” which continues to prevail so long as products are divided “according to the amount of labor performed”. Continuing, Marx says:

“But these defects are inevitable in the first phase of communist society as it is when it has just emerged, after prolonged birth pangs, from capitalist society. Law can never be higher than the economic structure of society and its cultural development conditioned thereby.”

And so, in the first phase of communist society (usually called socialism) “bourgeois law” is not abolished in its entirety, but only in part, only in proportion to the economic revolution so far attained, i.e., only in respect of the means of production. “Bourgeois law” recognizes them as the private property of individuals. Socialism converts them into common property. To that extent–and to that extent alone–“bourgeois law” disappears.

However, it persists as far as its other part is concerned; it persists in the capacity of regulator (determining factor) in the distribution of products and the allotment of labor among the members of society. The socialist principle, “He who does not work shall not eat”, is already realized; the other socialist principle, “An equal amount of products for an equal amount of labor”, is also already realized. But this is not yet communism, and it does not yet abolish “bourgeois law”, which gives unequal individuals, in return for unequal (really unequal) amounts of labor, equal amounts of products.

This is a “defect”, says Marx, but it is unavoidable in the first phase of communism; for if we are not to indulge in utopianism, we must not think that having overthrown capitalism people will at once learn to work for society without any rules of law. Besides, the abolition of capitalism does not immediately create the economic prerequisites for such a change.

Now, there are no other rules than those of “bourgeois law”. To this extent, therefore, there still remains the need for a state, which, while safeguarding the common ownership of the means of production, would safeguard equality in labor and in the distribution of products.

The state withers away insofar as there are no longer any capitalists, any classes, and, consequently, no class can be suppressed.

But the state has not yet completely withered away, since the still remains the safeguarding of “bourgeois law”, which sanctifies actual inequality. For the state to wither away completely, complete communism is necessary.

4. The Higher Phase of Communist Society

Breadwinner

Have some bread, but don’t take it from others.

The Day After Election Day

The Day After Election Day (Photo credit: Daveblog)

Rip it to pieces and pass it around.

Until it feeds every human being.

None has more worth than you, none more precious.

Yet each and every one valued, worthy.

So long as they can reproduce greatness.

Competence for all, allow death for some.

Balance the force. Proficient, hard-working.

Deny exploitation. Punish the cruel.

World without limitations. Share the means.

Forever we have fought. Now we shall reign.

The privileged will suffer stolen crowns.

Inverted to pierce their ignorant minds.

Fear us not, usurpers of justice.

You will receive reward without delay.

Groveling, sniveling, we matter now.

The question has been answered. We know why.

There is a clear path. Follow the mountain.

Beat off those who would snatch at your pockets.

Lazy, quick answer. Corruption denied.

The peak exceeds the plateau. Pinnacle.

They will praise us for ages. Advancement.

The time comes, and progress is not withheld.

A more perfect world that we have released.

Come join the movement. Help us slay the beast.

Death of the Individual

Individual. Selfish and alone.

No sense of community. Nothing shared.

Produce and consume. Never own the means.

Expectations large, with little reward.

The failure and despair we don’t witness.

Left behind, abandoned if not consumed.

See the implosion of a falling star.

Red Star Rising, it used to be the sun.

Corporate States of America

Corporate States of America (Photo credit: watchingfrogsboil)

Shining over every kingdom. Shared lands.

Traveled beyond time and space. Advancement.

No profits, but prophets who saw the way.

Release the chains of the present to see.

See the future that was supposed to be.

Not held back by prisons and devices.

The fat gatekeeper fed by his own greed.

Children with empty stomachs. “I want more!”

Taste their tears. One too many grains of salt.

A harvest for the fat man while they cry.

Their potential will amount to nothing.

Discarded generations, without means.

Production amassed built empires great.

Shadows cast over world without toilets.

The world’s embarrassment, until the guns.

The gold and the jewels were just too shiny.

Fat fingers pulled the trigger. Stole the world.

Worthless

Puzzle piece

Life’s a puzzle, and I’m an extra piece.

Set aside. Inconspicuous, but there.

I see it from the corner of my eye.

Throw the puzzle away. There’s no demand.

Like a babysitter without children.

Who needs the experience of a man?

Too creepy. They are not built for nurture.

The kids without roofs, don’t they need someone?

Nah, their parents are just dumb architects.

We can’t encourage their propagation.

No clothes, shoes or shelter. Do they have them?

Were they abandoned, or just left without?

The have-nots in need of nurture and care.

Why should we worry? We need our nails done.

Gainful employment for those who have none.

The system makes them poor, but they don’t fight.

A system of profits and nothing shared.

Competing until the rest are all dead.

A bloodsport when all that we need is love.

So many talents, so many labors.

Flushed down the drain, too much and it will clog.

They need to be washed away from the flood.

So much to give and so little wanted.

Everything offered, nothing accepted.

There is nothing to give when you’re empty.